Liquefaction Process - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
James G Speight, in Fuel Flexible Energy Generation, 2016 641 Liquefaction The liquefaction process (coal was the feedstock of choice for many decades in the twentieth century) is a process used to convert a solid fuel into a substitute for liquid fuels such as diesel and gasoline Coal liquefaction has historically been used in countries without a secure supply of petroleum, such as .
US3315477A - Cascade cycle for liquefaction of natural gas ,
US3315477A US382774A US38277464A US3315477A US 3315477 A US3315477 A US 3315477A US 382774 A US382774 A US 382774A US 38277464 A US38277464 A US 38277464A US 3315477 A US3315477 A US 3315477A Authority US United States Prior art keywords gas stream vapor liquefied pressure Prior art date 1964-07-15 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal ,
Liquefaction technology selection for baseload LNG plants
July 2018 Bonus Report: LNG Technology Liquefaction technology selection for baseload LNG plants As global liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade continues to rapidly expand, the challenge of liquefaction process selection—a key element of an LNG project—becomes increasingly important
Cooking (Hot Slurry, Primary Liquefaction, and Secondary Liquefaction) During the cook process, the starch in the flour is physically and chemically prepared for fermentation Hot Slurry The milled grain is mixed with process water, the pH is adjusted to about 58, and an alpha-amylase enzyme is added
In materials science, liquefaction is a process that generates a liquid from a solid or a gas or that generates a non-liquid phase which behaves in accordance with fluid dynamics It occurs both naturally and artificiallyAs an example of the latter, a "major commercial application of liquefaction is the liquefaction of air to allow separation of the constituents, such as oxygen, nitrogen, and .
Liquefaction technology selection for offshore FLNG projects
The key technical challenges, which influence the liquefaction process and equipment selection for a floating gas liquefaction facility, can be summarised as follows Space and weight requirements Floating systems are space limited, requiring more compact and lighter equipment to fit the deck space
A review on hydrothermal co-liquefaction of biomass ,
Sep 15, 2019· In summary, using biomass model compounds to investigate co-liquefaction effects is an effective way, which allows more explicit studies on the chemical interactions during hydrothermal co-liquefaction process, and is helpful to better understand the underlying mechanisms of co-liquefaction effect on biocrude formation
CO₂ purification and liquefaction | Linde Engineering
Our CO 2 plants are designed for the highest levels of energy efficiency Ease of maintenance and automated operations further reduce operating costs A distributed control system (DCS) or programmable logic controller (PLC) dynamically adjust the process to meet changes in the feed gas composition or plant load
CO 2 liquefaction is an essential process for long-distance ship transportation The conventional CO 2 liquefaction process employs either an external coolant or liquid expansion followed by multistage compression to obtain liquefied CO 2 at low pressure However, these processes consume considerable amounts of energy, which presents an obstacle to commercialization
8 15 Energy (fuel gas) use for liquefaction • Liquefaction process 2nd law (exergy) efficiency typically around 50% • Typical fuel use 5-10% of feed • Ambient temperature and feed gas pressure has large effect 0 5 10 15 20 0 2040 6080 100
Coal liquefaction: technically feasible, but the process to synthetic crude is not economic Converting coal to transportation fuel for IC engines does not reduce CO 2 emissions If needed for energy security, milder processes with high coal to oil yields must be demonstrated at commercially relevant scales
The following components, applied and proven in LNG and other industries, comprise the core liquefaction process: The single mixed refrigerant (SMR) liquefaction process is at the heart of the OSMR® process, using proven cold box heat exchangers;
Reason for Discussion of Direct Liquefaction of Coal in Gasifipedia As the following discussion of Direct Coal Liquefaction (DCL) explains, the fundamental process approach of DCL does not involve gasification at all Therefore it would seem to be entirely out of scope of Gasifipedia However, the following considerations require that discussion of DCL be included:
Soil liquefaction occurs when a saturated or partially saturated soil substantially loses strength and stiffness in response to an applied stress such as shaking during an earthquake or other sudden change in stress condition, in which material that is ordinarily a solid behaves like a liqu
liquefaction process, iii) generate valuable LPG product, iv) produce refrigerant make-up (C1, C2, C3) •UpstreamLPG extraction usually based on expander process Can provide ”deep”extraction of C3 and C2 Feedgas need to be recompressed before liquefaction Liquefaction pressure can be high
Process of Liquefaction The Natural Gas that is used to meet power, commercial and domestic needs throughout the world is over 90% pure methane, the lightest occurring hydrocarbon with the lowest carbon footprintAlthough predominantly methane, the “Feed Gas” from the interior of Oman also contains “sour gases” (in Oman mainly carbon .
Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is absorbed and removed from natural gas with an amine absorber (acid gas removal or AGR) and an adsorbent is used to remove water These impure substances are removed so that ice will not form during the subsequent liquefaction process 3 Heavy Hydrocarbon Separation and Liquefaction
Air Products To Provide New Ap-X® Liquefaction Process ,
September 06, 2005 Lehigh Valley, Pa Air Products (NYSE:APD) today announced the signing of an agreement to supply its new AP-X® liquefaction process equipment and technology to Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Co Limited (II) for Train 7 in Ras Laffan, Qatar
CO liquefaction – ammonia refrigeration Air Liquide, Australia Origin Energy operates an onshore natural gas processing plant, taking gas from the offshore Bass gas fields The gas contains significant CO 2, which is separated, compressed by a compressor also supplied by RE, and this “waste gas”
Cork liquefaction for polyurethane foam production ,
The liquefaction process was conducted in a 600-mL Parr 5100 low pressure reactor that was indirectly heated with an oil jacket (Parr Instrument Co, Moline, IL) The dried cork powder (10 g), solvent, and catalyst were mixed to obtain a homogenous mixture prior to being placed into the reactor
• An advantage of hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is that it uses the whole algae Thus it is not necessary to promote lipid accumulation, nor is it necessary to extract the lipids , process (and upgrading if it is co-located) is sent to a catalytic hydrothermal gasification (CHG) process to convert all organics to CO 2
are analyzed The results indicate that the proposedPLNG process is energy-more efficient than conventional LNG process as CO 2 content varying from 05% to 20% With a smaller footprint and a lower energy penalty, the proposed PLNG process is very suitable for offshore natural gas liquefaction 1 INTRODUCTION
It is a thermochemical conversion process of organic material into liquid bio-crude and co-products Depending on the process, it is usually conducted under moderate temperatures (300-400°C, lower than coal liquefaction) and pressures (10-20 MPa, similar or maybe a little higher with primarily hydrogen in coal to liquids) with added hydrogen .
Coal Liquefaction desulfurization process(Patent) | DOE ,
A coal hydrogenation and liquefaction process in which particulate coal feed is pressurized to an intermediate pressure of at least 500 psig and slurried with COsub2 liquid to provide a flowable coal/COsub2 slurry feedstream, which is further pressurized to at least 1000 psig and fed into a ,
TomcoCO2 Liquefaction and Dry Ice Recovery - Tomco
CO 2 Liquefaction and Dry Ice Recovery CO 2 Liquefaction and Dry Ice Recovery Recovery and purification of raw gas byproduct or vapor recovery from high volume dry ice production, the TOMCO 2 Systems Liquefaction and Recovery Plants provide reduced cost of operation in a modular footprint to optimize production space
Difference between Liquefaction & Condensation | Physics ,
Sep 07, 2011· What is the difference between Liquefaction & Condensation, , Liquefaction is referred to as liquefaction of gases, the process of condensing a gas into a liqu Liquefaction can be a change from a gas to a liquid through condensation, usually by cooling, or a change from a solid to a liquid through melting, usually by heating or by grinding .
Multi-purpose Coal Utilization Technologies (Liquefaction Technologies) 61 Fig 1 Flowchart of BCL process 4A3 Brown Coal Liquefaction Technology (BCL) Technology overview 1 Background and process overview˜ Economically recoverable coal reserves are expected to total about one trillion tons, about one-half of which are comprised of